1 |
Scientific hypotheses. Physical laws. Physical theories. |
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2 |
Mechanical movement and its views. Relativity of motion. |
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3 |
Reference system. Speed. Acceleration. Rectilinear uniformly accelerated motion. |
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4 |
Newton’s first law. Inertial reference systems . |
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5 |
Interaction of bodies. Power. Weight. Newton’s second law. |
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6 |
Newton’s third law. |
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7 |
Momentum of the body. The law of conservation of momentum. |
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8 |
Jet propulsion in nature and technology. |
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9 |
The law of universal gravitation. Gravity. Weightlessness. |
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10 |
Sliding friction. The resilient force. |
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11 |
Hooke’s law. |
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12 |
Job. Mechanical energy. |
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13 |
Kinetic and potential energy. |
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14 |
The law of conservation of mechanical energy. |
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15 |
Mechanical vibrations. Free and forced vibrations. |
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16 |
Resonance. The conversion of energy to mechanical vibrations. |
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17 |
The emergence of the atomic structure of matter hypothesis and experimental evidence. |
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18 |
Ideal gas. The basic equation of the molecular-kinetic theory of an ideal gas. |
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19 |
Absolute temperature as a measure of the average kinetic energy of thermal motion of particles of matter. |
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20 |
The gas pressure. Ideal gas state equation. |
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21 |
Evaporation and condensation. |
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22 |
Saturated and unsaturated vapors. Humidity. |
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23 |
Work in thermodynamics. Internal energy. |
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24 |
The first law of thermodynamics. Adiabatic process. |
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25 |
The second law of thermodynamics. |
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26 |
Interaction between charged bodies. Coulomb’s law. |
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27 |
The law of conservation of electric charge. Electric field. |
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28 |
An electrical capacitance. Capacitors. |
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29 |
Energy of a charged capacitor. The use of capacitors. |
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30 |
Electric current. Work and power in DC(direct current). |
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31 |
Ohm’s law for the full circuit. |
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32 |
The magnetic field. Effect of magnetic field on the electric charge. Magnetic induction. |
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33 |
Electric field in a semiconductors. |
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34 |
The phenomenon of electromagnetic induction. |
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35 |
Magnetic flux. Law of electromagnetic induction. Lenz rule. |
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36 |
The phenomenon of self-induction. |
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37 |
Inductance. Magnetic field energy. |
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38 |
Electromagnetic field. Electromagnetic waves. |
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39 |
Rutherford’s experiments on the scattering of alfa particles. Nuclear model of the atom. |
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40 |
Quantum Bohr postulates. Lasers. Emission and absorption of light by atoms. Spectra. |
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1 |
Bullet mass m = 10 g, flying with a horizontal velocity v = 400 m / s , falls into a sand box mass M = 4 kg hangs on a long string, and it stuck. What is the height to which the center of mass of the box is lifted, if the bullet stuck in it? |
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42 |
Two forces, one with a magnitude of 3N and the other with a magnitude of 5N, are applied to an object. For which orientations of the forces shown in the diagrams is the magnitude of the acceleration of the object the least? |
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43 |
A car moves horizontally with a constant acceleration of 3m/s2. A ball is suspended by a string from the ceiling of the car. The ball does not swing, being at rest with respect to the car. What angle does the string make with the vertical? |
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44 |
The mass of a hypothetical planet is 1/100 that of Earth and its radius is 1/4 that of Earth. If a person weighs 600N on Earth, what would he weigh on this planet? |
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45 |
A crate is initially at rest on a horizontal frictionless table. A constant horizontal force F is applied. Which of the following five graphs is a correct plot of work W as a function of the crate’s speed v? |
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46 |
A 2-kg block is attached to a horizontal ideal spring with a spring constant of 200N/m. When the spring has its equilibrium length the block is given a speed of 5m/s. What is the maximum elongation of the spring? |
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47 |
A boat moves relative to water with a velocity which is n = 2 times less than the river flow velocity. At what angle to the stream direction must the boat move to minimize drifting? |
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48 |
Twenty-five identical molecules are in a box. Microstates are designated by identifying the molecules in the left and right halves of the box. The Boltzmann constant is 1.38×10−23 J/K. The entropy associated with the configuration for which 15 molecules are in the left half and 10 molecules are in the right is half? |
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49 |
273 cm3 of an ideal gas is at 00C. It is heated at constant pressure to 100 C. Locate the destination volume of gas. |
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50 |
The airplane shown is in level flight at an altitude of 0.50 km and a speed of 150 km/h. Atwhat distance d should it release a heavy bomb to hit the target X? Take g = 10m/s2. |
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51 |
A stone is thrown outward from the top of a 59.4-m high cliff with an upward velocity componentof 19.5m/s. How long is stone in the air? |
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52 |
A large cannon is fired from ground level over level ground at an angle of 30◦ above thehorizontal. The muzzle speed is 980m/s. Neglecting air resistance, the projectile will travelwhat horizontal distance before striking the ground? |
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53 |
A boy on the edge of a vertical cliff 20m high throws a stone horizontally outward with a speedof 20m/s. It strikes the ground at what horizontal distance from the foot of the cliff? Useg = 10m/s2. |
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54 |
A girl wishes to swim across a river to a point directly opposite as shown. She can swim at2m/s in still water and the river is flowing at 1m/s. At what angle θ with respect to the linejoining the starting and finishing points should she swim? |
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55 |
A motor boat can travel at 10 km/h in still water. A river flows at 5 km/h west. A boaterwishes to cross from the south bank to a point directly opposite on the north bank. At whatangle must the boat be headed? |
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56 |
Two small charged objects attract each other with a force F when separated by a distanced. If the charge on each object is reduced to one-fourth of its original value and the distancebetween them is reduced to d/2 the force becomes? |
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57 |
Two identical charges, 2.0m apart, exert forces of magnitude 4.0N on each other. The valueof either charge is: |
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58 |
Particles 1, with charge q1, and 2, with charge q2, are on the x axis, with particle 1 at x = aand particle 2 at x = −2a. For the net force on a third charged particle, at the origin, to bezero, q1 and q2 must be related by q2 -? |
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59 |
An object with an initial velocity of 12 m/s west experiences a constant acceleration of 4 m/s2west for 3 seconds. During this time the object travels a distance-? |
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60 |
A projectile is shot vertically upward with a given initial velocity. It reaches a maximum heightof 100 m. If, on a second shot, the initial velocity is doubled then the projectile will reach amaximum height of-? |

# физика(англ)

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